As it turns out, UV rays can harm your eyes throughout the seasons, both indoors from artificial sources and outdoors from the sun. Most people unknowingly associate sunglasses with summer. But UV rays can harm your eyes no matter the season. 


What Are UV Rays?


UV (ultraviolet) rays are a type of sun-emitted radiation. The three types of UV rays are:

  • UVA

  • UVB

  • UVC

UVC rays are blocked by the Earth's atmosphere, preventing them from reaching the surface. However, UVA and UVB rays can penetrate the atmosphere and damage your skin and eyes.


The Dangers of UV Rays


Following exposure to UV rays, you can experience several health problems. UV rays can result in the following:

  • Sunburn

  • Premature aging of the skin

  • Skin cancer

  • Macular degeneration

  • Cataracts

Overexposure to UV rays is cataracts' leading cause. It is a condition that clouds your eye's natural lens. Left unchecked, it that can lead to vision loss.


Why UV Sunglasses Are Essential Year-round


Many people only think of wearing sunglasses during summer, when the sun is strongest. In fact, ultraviolet rays are present year-round. They are present even on cloudy or overcast days. Studies show that the UV rays can be more harmful to our eyes on cloudy days. This is because the clouds can reflect and amplify the UV rays.

Wearing UV sunglasses year-round helps protect your eyes from the harmful effects of these rays. Look for sunglasses that block 100% of UVA and UVB rays, and consider polarized lenses for added protection against glare.


Other Benefits of UV Sunglasses


Besides protecting your eyes from UV rays, wearing sunglasses provides other benefits for your eye health and overall well-being. Here are just a few:


Reduced Eyestrain


Bright sunlight and glare can cause eyestrain and discomfort, especially when driving or participating in outdoor activities. Wearing sunglasses can help reduce eyestrain and make outdoor activities more enjoyable.


Protection From Wind and Debris


Wearing sunglasses helps protect your eyes from wind, dust, and debris that can cause irritation or injury.


Improved Visual Clarity


Polarized lenses help improve visual clarity and reduce glare. They make it easier to see and perform tasks such as driving or playing sports.


Choosing the Right Sunglasses


When choosing sunglasses, it is important to look for a pair that provides adequate UV protection and fits comfortably. Choosing one that suits your style is an added advantage. Consider trying on different styles and shapes to find a pair that flatters your face and provides the level of protection you need.

Remember, not all sunglasses are created equal. Cheap, low-quality sunglasses may claim to provide UV protection but may not block all harmful rays. Be sure to choose a reputable brand and check the label for information on UV protection. So, the next time you step outside, grab your favorite UV sunglasses and keep your eyes safe and healthy.

For more on the importance of UV sunglasses, visit Eye & Health Tribeca at our New York, New York office. Call (212) 431-4059 to schedule an appointment today.